In the new book Migration Nation, co-authors Kathy Cheng (Environics’ vice-president of cultural markets) and Robin Brown (senior vice-president of consumer insights and cultural markets) contend that Canada’s newcomers go through a number of stages in their immigration journey, from the disorientation of a wholly new culture to the sense of belonging and independence that comes with time and experience.
But at each step, a newcomer’s shopping needs change. While someone ready to explore a new Canadian identity may be ready to tackle Canadian cuisine, the first few days after arrival are marked by a need for both familiar products and easy-to-make meals to ease the transition into the unfamiliar Canadian kitchen.
But while some will seek out foods from their homelands, don’t underestimate the power of a global brand to give comfort to the ethnic shopper.
It’s not only in Canada that tastes are increasingly global; the market environments people experience prior to migration reflect multiple tastes and influences as well. Palates around the world — particularly in cities — are being exposed to a greater diversity of flavours. Newcomers to Canada are increasingly exposed to multinational brands prior to their arrival here. In fact, our research has found that some newcomers from Asia have greater trust in certain Western CPG brands (including Nestlé, Unilever, and Kraft) than does the Canadianborn population.
For CPG brands, it’s important to be aware not only of the tastes newcomers bring with them to Canada, but of the image their brands have outside Canada’s borders. CPG firms can get some easy wins simply by leveraging the equity of brands in the company’s portfolio that already exist overseas. (See below.)
It is important to remember that, for many migrants from Asia, the very process of shopping and cooking might not have been a big part of their pre-migration life. Domestic servants who perform these tasks are much more common in parts of Asia than in Europe and North America. Immigrants from India in particular are likely to come from an environment where groceries are delivered to the door and prepared by a cook.
Even Asian migrants who didn’t have servants in their countries of origin are more likely than the average North American working-age adult to have had live-in parents or in-laws who helped substantially with groceries and meal preparation. This kind of multi-generational labour-sharing is particularly common in Chinese households. The sudden withdrawal of such support, combined with new products and conventions of shopping, can make the mundane task of buying groceries a very daunting one for newcomers.
The Disoriented Kitchen
Like financial services firms, Canadian food, grocery, and personal care companies have an opportunity to build relationships at the Disorientation stage of settlement. During the Disorientation phase migrants are looking for simplicity and reassurance. When they first arrive, they’re likely to seek basic meal solutions and familiarity. This is no time for sampling the culinary riches of the Canadian mosaic: recent arrivals want to get their families fed, and they have relatively little time, energy, and money to devote to the task. Ideally, a trip to the grocery store during Disorientation will not only yield food, but also a sense of competence and accomplishment: “Life is crazy right now, but this is something basic I can get done for my family—without wasting time or money.”
No Frills is the leading grocery store among South Asian immigrants in Ontario: in a 2013 survey, Environics found that 77% had visited a No Frills location within the previous three months. The store’s ads specifically target South Asian and Chinese newcomers, employing techniques that are well pitched at those in the Disorientation stage of settlement. First, No Frills ads inform newcomers that familiar products like bok choi, atta, and live fish are available in its stores. Second, No Frills consistently reminds shoppers that they’re getting a good deal, with its “Won’t Be Beat” policy guaranteeing the lowest prices.
This approach not only appeals to newcomers’ budget consciousness but also reassures them that they can relax; they don’t need to worry about searching around an unfamiliar landscape to comparison shop. A guarantee of the lowest price is music to the Disoriented migrant’s ears.
No Frills succeeds with newcomers in part by carrying familiar Asian brands. But there’s another path to success as well: helping Disoriented newcomers develop new brand relationships by explicitly linking a product available in Canada to a product they knew back home. Reckitt Benckiser, for example, has targeted South Asian newcomers with the message that its Lysol brand of disinfectant and household cleaner is similar to the trusted Dettol brand popular in South Asia. This approach leverages Dettol’s strength and helps newcomers make one more step toward feeling they’ve gotten their bearings in Canada.
Building relationships during the Disorientation phase
Grocery shopping happens frequently and consistently, with many opportunities to try new products and retailers. A newcomer can test out the mom-and-pop shop around the corner, the big-box discount store, and the ethnic specialty shop—all within a few weeks. This potential for experimentation means that engaging newcomers in the grocery aisle is a different challenge from engaging them in industries where “shopping” is more sporadic—in financial services or telecoms, for instance.
For banks, forging a strong relationship with newcomers when they first arrive often yields significant returns. If a bank can connect with a newly landed migrant and provide her with the basics, it has a good chance of expanding the relationship down the line as the newcomer gains ground financially, requires credit and investment vehicles, wants to save for her children’s education, and so on. The same is true for providing a new arrival with his first mobile phone.
Unless you make a mistake, you’re likely to still be receiving a monthly payment from him in two years—maybe with an upgraded device. So in cases like these, where “first relationship” is a major advantage, it’s worth making a significant investment to understand and engage customers in the Disorientation stage.
Although it benefits CPG brands to engage consumers at the Disorientation stage, being the first place where a newcomer buys a bag of groceries doesn’t necessarily mean you’re at the beginning of a beautiful friendship. It’s easier to experiment and mix and match in the grocery category, so forging an early
connection doesn’t provide the same return on investment as it does for businesses where relationships are stickier. CPG firms are therefore better advised to pay moderate attention to Disoriented newcomers, and instead work hard to understand the Orientation phase.
PRE-MIGRATION FAVOURITES:HELPING NEWCOMERS FIND TREATS FROM BACK HOME
For firms that already have an international presence, connecting with migrants in Canada may be as straightforward as helping them bump into familiar brands from home. A few examples.
Indo-Canadians and Cadbury
The Cadbury brand is strong in Canada, and even better known in India. Indians are among the largest migrant groups in Canada: there were 1,165,145 people classified as having “East Indian” ethnicity in the 2011 National Household Survey. Two-thirds of these (67%) are first-generation Canadians, so many of their preferences will have been shaped by pre-migration experiences in
Kraft, therefore, has a significant opportunity to promote Cadbury products to Indo-Canadians, particularly during celebrations like Diwali, a festival of lights whose rituals include the sharing of sweets. And the task of connecting Indo-Canadians with a brand they already enjoy is made easier by the fact that this group tends to be residentially concentrated and to patronize fairly predictable retailers, including Indian-focused shops as well as mainstream discount chains like No Frills. Many Indo-Canadians also tend to consume media specific to their own community. In short, it’s not hard to find ways to communicate with these Canadians.
Chinese Canadians and Ferrero Rocher
Similar rules apply to Chinese Canadians and the Italian-made chocolate Ferrero Rocher. Ferrero Rocher chocolates are popular in southern China, and particularly in Hong Kong. The candy’s long-running advertising campaign has emphasized romance and drawn parallels between Ferrero Rocher and flowers; the little round treats are sometimes even sold in bouquets rather than boxes.
Ferrero Rocher chocolates are also popular New Year gifts, their gold paper carrying associations of prosperity in Chinese culture. As in the case of Cadbury chocolates, the challenge of getting Chinese Canadians to find their way to a brand
they already like from back home is a modest one: Turin-based Ferrero Rocher already has a presence in Canada, and there are many well established means of connecting with Chinese-Canadian consumers, who tend to be residentially concentrated and attuned to media aimed at their communities.
Asians and instant coffee
Instant coffee is popular in both the Chinese and South Asian markets. Coffee brands that have an instant product to offer may do well to simply put it in the path of Asian customers, whether in shops catering to particular groups or in mainstream grocery stores in areas with high concentrations of Asian residents.
As with the chocolates discussed above, instant brands that already enjoy some popularity in Asia (such as Nestlé’s Nescafé brand) will likely get an especially good return on investment in connecting with Asian-born coffee drinkers in Canada.
This text is adapted from the new book from Environics Publishing, Migration Nation: A Practical Guide to doing Business in Globalized Canada by Kathy Cheng & Robin Brown. To find out more or order the book please visit: MigrationNation.ca